Improving transboundary river basin management

The focus of this component of the program is on small streams, to which the basic river basin management principles are particularly well applicable. Relevant activities include an assessment of the current situation and the development of management plans, proposals for ensuring the safety of dams and their impact on the environment, as well as assistance in creating systems for monitoring and data exchange. At the same time, the actions of GIZ are coordinated in detail with the European Commission, which is very active in this area. The growing water demand in all sectors of all Central Asian states, as well as increasing uncertainty about future water availability during climate change, creates a problem for water management in Central Asia This situation is even more complicated in transboundary river basins, where intersectoral needs are related to the national interests of neighboring countries. Therefore, the application of water resources planning and IWRM principles in the context of river basins are the most important elements for ensuring sustainable water resources management. The development and implementation of basin plans will allow national water management organizations to cope with the increasing demand for water from various sectors of the economy and as a result of population growth in the face of growing uncertainty about water availability. Therefore, modern methods of water management should be based on a wide range of modern data and information systems, such as geographic information systems, mobile communications and databases. All these technologies will ensure optimal decision making in the water sector. International organizations have made various attempts to develop such systems for Central Asia. However, they did not succeed because the data management systems that were developed were dictated to water management organizations without taking into account their needs and concepts. Taking into account previous experience, the TUVRCA program identified three interrelated components for enhancing the capacity of water resources management: (1) technical support from BWO partners to create data management tools; (2) training and capacity building for working with data management tools; and (3) encouraging BWOs to apply data management tools for making short-term and long-term water management decisions. From the outset, these database management tools were developed in terms of structure, content, interface and format in close consultation and collaboration with partner BVIs . Database management tools created during the project implementation consist of two interrelated tools: 1) a database system with information in tabular form and 2) GIS-based land use maps. In addition, the BWO was supported through the following specific measures: Improving the bases land use data, especially irrigation, soil and water resources, and hydraulic engineering inventory; BVO equipment with computer terminals for use of ArcGIS software and database management yhObuchenie local staff use GIS, satellite imagery and remote sensing tools for a comprehensive analysis of river basins and planirovaniyaOkazanie support the development of a comprehensive analysis of river basins and planirovaniyaKonsortsium: